Wall-pack lights, sometimes referred to as wall-mounted lights or wall-packs, are commonly used outdoors. They are mounted on the exterior walls of buildings and provide lighting around the building and to pathways and vehicles near the building.
Their high lumen output enables them to illuminate difficult areas, making them perfect security lights for commercial facilities. Wall-pack lights are designed to withstand harsh weather conditions like snow, rain, and heat.
These lights maintain peak performance in tough environments. They are impact-resistant and perfect for different applications. They also pair well with lighting controls which regulate both their light output and intensity. Before the introduction of LED technology, wall-pack fixtures mostly used high pressure sodium lamps and metal halide lamps.
The different types of wall-pack lights are:
Forward-Throw Wall-pack Lights (Traditional Wall-pack Lights)
These used to be the most common wall-pack lights because they direct light far out from the wall. They are made in different sizes and use different wattages. However, they cause light pollution and light trespass since their light is not properly regulated.
Full Cutoff Wall-pack Lights
These fixtures have a unique design that allows them to direct light only downwards, making them dark sky compliant. This design also reduces, and in most cases eliminates, light trespass because the lamp illuminates the wall and area beneath it. The lamp is only visible when one stands below the fixture. Its conduit entries are visible on the side and at the bottom.
The design of the semi-cutoff light fixture is a combination of the full cutoff wall-pack and the traditional wall-pack.
The design prevents light pollution to some level, but does not make the lamp dark sky compliant. A semi-cutoff wall-pack directs light downwards although some of it goes upwards. It is mounted on the wall to distribute light to a particular area and can accommodate various light sources.
Adjustable Wall-pack Lights
These wall-pack lights have a full cutoff or semi-cutoff design with a tilt mechanism that enables precise light aiming. They have a fully adjustable module which makes it easy to focus the light upwards, downwards or in the middle. It can distribute light downwards or outwards in case more light is required. These wall-packs work well for perimeter lighting and can use several lights sources.
Up and Down Wall-packs
These wall-packs direct light only up or only down. They provide unique illumination. Experts in the lighting industry typically use them to achieve symmetrical lighting patterns on exterior building walls or to enhance architectural features.
Up and down wall-packs are made in several styles to complement various exterior spaces. When LED up and down lights are combined with dimmers they create a calming atmosphere with ambient lighting. You’ll find these lights in entryways, apartment buildings, and the walls of commercial properties.
Architectural Wall-pack Lights
Unlike the other wall-pack lights, these ones are mainly designed to enhance architecture. They feature high-end designs and are ideal for special placement, like the exteriors of car dealerships. They are mostly purchased for their unique designs and not their functionality.
Flood-lights are broad-beamed lights with high-intensity illumination. They are commonly used outdoors and provide lighting over a wide area, enhancing security in many exterior spaces. The intense beam produced by flood-lights can be directed to illuminate a particular area while maintaining safety and visual comfort. High-quality LED flood-lights generate light that is similar to daylight.
Because they're used outdoors, they must be able to endure harsh weather conditions. Quality flood-lights are generally made with aluminum casings for longevity and better performance. The bright light they produce enables security cameras to capture images accurately.
Flood-lights can be paired with motion sensors which turn them on when intruders approach the area and off when they're not needed. In public car parks, they are usually left on throughout the night to deter crime.
The two types of flood-lights are area flood-lights and directional flood-lights. They are categorized according to their capacity to control the distribution and intensity of their beams to shape their light output.
Area flood-lights are normally used in applications that require high luminous intensity. They illuminate huge open areas like parking-lots, outdoor stadiums, and other spaces.
Directional flood-lights are specifically used to boost the visual appeal of architectural features and for wall washing.
Are Flood-lights and Spotlights the Same?
Some people think that flood-lights and spot lights are the same, but they are actually quite different. Flood-lights can have a beam as wide as 120° that enables them to illuminate larger surfaces.
Spot lights generally have a narrow light beam, no more than 45°. Their beam is focused and easier to direct and control. The biggest benefit a flood light has over a spot light is its capacity to light up a larger area using the same lumens and wattage.
Shoe-box lights are designed in a rectangular (shoe-box) shape which allows them to easily illuminate a wide area powerfully and effectively. Security cameras are able to capture everything easily because they fill up spaces with light.
The lights are mounted on poles to provide lighting in parking-lots, driveways, pathways, building entrances, public parks, universities, and other exterior spaces. Mounting methods differ and it’s common to find two or more fixtures mounted on one pole. The lights feature heat sinks that dispel heat effectively.